Anne Compton's first poetry collection, Opening the Island, was nominated for the Margaret and John Savage First Book Award and won the Atlantic Poetry Prize in 2002. Thereafter, she won the Governor General's Award in 2005 for her collection Processional. Compton has also published criticism, including a book of interviews, Meetings with Maritime Poets (2006).
Her latest poetry book is Asking Questions Inside and Out (2008). She is an assistant professor at the University of New Brunswick. She is also the Director of the Lorenzo Reading Series at UNB, and serves on the New Brunswick Arts Board. She was a featured writer at the 2007 Maritime Writers' Workshop & Literary Festival in Fredericton. In 2008, she was awarded the Alden Nowlan Award for excellence in English language literary arts.